1. Humayun’s Tomb
The tomb of the Mughal ruler Humayun is located in the Indian city of Delhi. It is also called Tomb-e Humayun Turkish-Humayun Kabri. The tomb was designed by the Persian architect Meerak Mirza Ghias which was chosen by Bega Begum. It is said to be inspired by the Taj Mahal. This tomb was recognized by Akbar in 1569 – 1570. It was established in 1533 by Humayun. This is the first mausoleum for which red stone has been used for construction. Many monuments are also built inside this tomb. Many small monuments are also built inside this tomb of Humayun, as soon as we enter the southern gate of the tomb, we see small monuments on the way. The tomb was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993 for being attractive.
Some interesting facts of Humayun’s Tomb
- Humayun’s body is buried at two different places in Humayun’s Tomb.
- There was a pure white awning above the tombs and holy texts were kept in front of them. Along with this, Humayun’s turban, sword and shoes were also kept.
- The design of the mausoleum has been designed according to Persian and Indian traditions.
- Humayun’s tomb has about 150 cubes which are surrounded by a garden.
2. Fatehpur Sikri Agra
Fatehpur Sikri is a city in the Agra district of Uttar Pradesh, India. The city was founded by Emperor Akbar in 1571 as the capital of the Mughal Empire, playing this role from 1571 to 1585, when Akbar abandoned it due to an expedition in Punjab and later completely abandoned in 1610. There may have been a shortage of water given. Sikri (City of Victory) was the capital of the Mughal Empire for almost 10 years. The series of monuments and temples are in a similar architectural style, Akbar shifted his residence and court from Agra to Sikri to honor the famous Sufi saint Sheikh Salim Chishti who lived here.
Some interesting facts of Fatehpur Sikri Agra
- Panch Mahal A five-storey palatial structure, with the staircase gradually decreasing in size, to the last one, which is a large dome umbrella. Originally of pierced stone.
- Diwan-e-Khas in Fatehpur Sikri is the place where Akbar discussed his beliefs with representatives of different religions and gave them to a private audience.
- Salim Chishti’s mausoleum is built of white marble dedicated to Salim Chishti (1478-1572), within the courtyard, courtyard of the Jama Masjid.
- The name of the first city was Vijaypur Sikri (Sikarwar Rajput dynasty), later the city was founded in 1569 by Emperor Akbar.
3. Sanchi Stupa
The great main stupa of Sanchi, originally built in the third century BC by Emperor Ashoka the Great. At its peak was a parasol symbolizing the high honor given to the monument. They are symbols of love, peace, faith and courage. Its height is about 16.4 meters and its diameter is 36.5 meters. Sanchi Stupas may have slight semi-circular structures in view from a distance, but its grandeur, peculiarity and nuances can be detected only by visiting Sanchi. That is why a large number of Buddhist, tourists, researchers, scholars and scholars from the country and the world come to see this unmatched structure.
In 483 BC, when Gautama Buddha sacrificed his body, his followers, King among themselves, took control over the remains of their bodies. Started fighting. In the end, a Buddhist saint understood and extinguished the parts of the remains of his body and distributed them. Initially, eight stupas were constructed with them and thus after the Nirvana of Gautama Buddha, the propagation of Buddhism started as a symbol of these stupas.
Interesting facts of Sanchi Stupa
- According to some people, foreigners who come to see the stupa also become devotees of Buddha and start worshiping them. Many types of festivals are also celebrated at the Buddhist stupa.
- For people of Buddhism, it is like a holy pilgrimage. Sanchi Stupas are considered to be a symbol of peace, holiest, religion and courage.
- Simplicity, generality, and the emergence of beauty are the motivational power of Sanchi sculpture.
- Buddha Stupa, Sanchi The sculpture of Gautama Buddha is not found in this sculptor because till that time Buddha was not worshiped by making an idol as a deity.
Hampi, located in Karnataka, is a World Heritage Site, known for its historical structures. This archaeological site is located in the east-central region of the state. The ancient remains present here are spread over an area of about 4.100 hectares. The site has been marked as an important site by UNESCO. More than 1600 ancient relics have been found here, including forts, temples, pavilions, auditoriums, reservoirs, etc.
Interesting Facts of Hampi
- It was founded in the year 1336 by two brothers named Hariyar and Bukka of Hosial dynasty. The area is spread over 4,24 hectares.
- Its ruins were discovered in the year 1800 by Sir Colonel Colin McKenzie, an officer of the British Department.
- This ancient city is situated in a mountainous area formed by granite stones, in which about 1,600 historical monuments are situated within 41.5 square kilometers.
- The city also has a historical temple with elaborate carvings and a huge idol of Lord Ganesha which is 4.5 meters in height.
- The Virupaksha temple located in it is one of the best structure of Dravidian architecture dedicated to the Virupaksha deity.
5. Golden Temple Amritsar
The largest center of faith of Sikhism in the world is the Golden Temple located in Amritsar city of Punjab, where Sikhs come from abroad every year. Not only Sikhs but people of other religions also come here. Despite facing many tragedies, the Golden Temple of Amritsar has maintained its dignity and faith in humanity.
Some interesting facts of Golden Temple
- The foundation of the Golden Temple of Amritsar was laid by a Muslim Sufi Pir Sai Mian who was inclined to Sikhism from the beginning.
- In the 19th century, Maharaja Ranjit Singh had put a layer of gold on the dome of the temple.
- The kitchen of this temple is the largest kitchen in the world, where about 1 lakh people eat free food every day.
- It is said that Mughal emperor Akbar also ate prasad by sitting with the common people in the Guru’s langar.
- In a survey conducted by the BBC, the Golden Temple was ranked sixth among the places it had desired to see before dying, while the Taj Mahal stood at 10th position.